Portugal's Infamous Dictator: The Legacy of Salazar with Ian Sumpter

Portugal's Infamous Dictator: The Legacy of Salazar with Ian Sumpter


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From 1932 until 1974, Portugal endured what has become known as ‘The Long Night,’ a 42-year authoritarian dictatorship led by António de Oliveira Salazar. This seminar will explore Salazar’s rule, his colonial ambitions, and his fall from power. Salazar remains a controversial and enigmatic figure, whose legacy continues to divide opinion even today.

In 1932 António de Oliveira Salazar became Portugal’s 100th prime minister. In the following years, he drafted a new Portuguese constitution, creating what became known as the ‘Estado Novo’, or ‘The New State.’ Heavily influenced by Mussolini and the Catholic Church, the Estado Novo was an anti-parliamentarian and authoritarian government.

Its policies resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands in failed colonial wars and lead to mass migration. The wide-ranging ramifications of the resulting widespread poverty still affect Portugal today, long after the Carnation Revolution of 1974.



Led by expert historian and archaeologist Ian Sumpter, this interactive seminar will examine Salazar’s rise and fall in Portugal. 

Designed to inform curiosity as well as future travels, participants will come away with an increased understanding of one of the most tumultuous periods in Portugal's history.

Born in Liverpool in the North of England, Ian was raised around the historic docks of the city where a love of Maritime history was born. He went on to study Archaeological sciences with the aim of specialising in Marine archaeology. His four years of the study saw him divert from his original aim and concentrate Urbanisation in the Ancient world. Working as an archaeologist for a number of years across Italy, the UK and South Asia, Ian has spent 13 years working in total working as a tour guide in Rome before the lure of the sea and sunshine brought him to Lisbon where he continues to research the urban landscape and the city’s vital relationship with the sea.

This conversation is suitable for all ages

90 minutes, including a 30 minute Q&A.

Customer Reviews

Based on 8 reviews
100%
(8)
0%
(0)
0%
(0)
0%
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K
K.S.
Great talk!

Great talk, learned much.

B
B.H.
Portuguese Politics

I have taken several Context lecture courses, but this was the best by far. Ian Sumpter knows his history of Salazar and the growth of Portugal’s modern political state, and he enjoys sharing his research with his listeners. He is careful to put forward all sides of the case regarding Salazar’s government, and then he invites his audience to ask questions. His enthusiasm for his subject was infectious.

A
A.
Fascinating topic - great presentation!

Ian gave a wonderfully nuanced presentation of Salazar - the conditions that preceded him, the good, the bad, and the complicated character he was. Very interesting!

E
E.N.
Salazar

Guest did not leave comment

L
L.
Salazar: Who knew?!?

"Does anyone want to do Salazar?" No. That really set the stage for a highly interesting seminar. Then the Best and the Worst Portuguese tv contest clinched it, wow. I had zero knowledge of Salazar and now I feel I could sweep a Salazar Jeopardy category. Ian's ability to convey the good and the bad, his extensive personal and archival research and impressive organizational skills made for a really fast 90 minutes, I thoroughly enjoyed his connection with the subject and as in previous seminars, the mix of photography, graphics and video flung the whole subject to life. I also appreciated the opportunity to ask questions thruout rather than wait to the end. Highly enjoyable, I might even take it again. He made a terrific point early on, which shows he's so much more than a tour guide, he's a scholar: "Studying history should at times make us feel uncomfortable, it should make us feel angry. If studying history just makes you feel happy and proud, you're studying propaganda."

Customer Reviews

Based on 8 reviews
100%
(8)
0%
(0)
0%
(0)
0%
(0)
0%
(0)
K
K.S.
Great talk!

Great talk, learned much.

B
B.H.
Portuguese Politics

I have taken several Context lecture courses, but this was the best by far. Ian Sumpter knows his history of Salazar and the growth of Portugal’s modern political state, and he enjoys sharing his research with his listeners. He is careful to put forward all sides of the case regarding Salazar’s government, and then he invites his audience to ask questions. His enthusiasm for his subject was infectious.

A
A.
Fascinating topic - great presentation!

Ian gave a wonderfully nuanced presentation of Salazar - the conditions that preceded him, the good, the bad, and the complicated character he was. Very interesting!

E
E.N.
Salazar

Guest did not leave comment

L
L.
Salazar: Who knew?!?

"Does anyone want to do Salazar?" No. That really set the stage for a highly interesting seminar. Then the Best and the Worst Portuguese tv contest clinched it, wow. I had zero knowledge of Salazar and now I feel I could sweep a Salazar Jeopardy category. Ian's ability to convey the good and the bad, his extensive personal and archival research and impressive organizational skills made for a really fast 90 minutes, I thoroughly enjoyed his connection with the subject and as in previous seminars, the mix of photography, graphics and video flung the whole subject to life. I also appreciated the opportunity to ask questions thruout rather than wait to the end. Highly enjoyable, I might even take it again. He made a terrific point early on, which shows he's so much more than a tour guide, he's a scholar: "Studying history should at times make us feel uncomfortable, it should make us feel angry. If studying history just makes you feel happy and proud, you're studying propaganda."